The purpose of this research is to study analyze Buddhism in Nepal. Here, Buddhism has been practiced without break since its foundation about 26 centuries ago. It has experienced sweet and sour in the course of the long history. It changed its own face according to the situation and emerged as a unique kind of Buddhism. It has survived for the entire history of the country and has preserved a significant role in modern world Buddhism. This thesis will illuminate numerous important events on the history of religion and culture of modern Nepal. It also gives knowledge of new changes found in Nepalese Buddhism.
At present, the Buddhist population in Nepal is small. According to the government census of 1991, is 7.8% or less than 2 million but they are very active and scattered throughout the country. There are different types of Buddhism in Nepal. The Newar people have Buddhism remaining of Indian Buddhism, whereas on the other hand, mid mountain and Himalayan people are devoted to Tibetan type Buddhism. The four major monastic sects of Tibetan origin are practiced in Nepal. The non - reformed Buddhist sect of Tibet, Nying-ma-pa, is the most popular one.
A survey has shown that about 75 of the gonpas (Tibetan type monasteries) in the country belong to it. As it gives much more allowances to indigenous gods and traditions than the other Buddhist sects of Tibet. It is popular among the people who receive a weak flow of scholarly religious instructors from institutes of reformed sects in Tibet. The second largest sect is Kargyu-pa and then Sakya-pa. The least, Gelukya is getting stronger by the establishment of gonpas in Nepal after the Dalai Lama fled morn Tibet to India in 1959.The Theravada is mainly popular among Newars.