Buddhism in Nepal

BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY

Nepal has high profile in world Buddhism. It is not only being the native country of Buddha but also is the region where Buddhism has been strong throughout the history since its inception. Buddhis...

Objectives of the Study

This thesis is prepared aiming the following targets

  1. To make it clear  that Buddhism is a historical  religion  in Nepal.
  2. To give knowledge of the main historical events conc...

The History Nepal in brief

Nepal embraces much of the great Himalayan ridge and a substantial band of territory to the north of it and also the mid mountain region including a strip of the Gangetic  plain in the south. It is...

The Buddha's TIme

The History of Buddhism in Nepal begins from birth of  the Buddha. Shortly after his Enlightenment, the Buddha started teaching people  and  established  a ...

Licchavi Period

We have little evidence to link the Buddhist history from the Asokan period to the Licchavi period of Nepal covering period of about six hundred years. But whatever little evidence...

Medieval Period

Inscriptions on stone, metal and paper dating from the 10th century and becoming more frequent during the following centuries, also describe viharas and Buddhist activities. Among t...

Newar Buddhism

Buddhism that practiced by the Newar people mainly in the Kathmandu Valley and its periphery is called Newar Buddhism. It is Tantric Buddhism and therefore Mahayana and Vajrayana. I...

Religious foundations

John K Locke has prepared a large and laborious work Buddhist monasteries of Nepal. It is content of all information about the matter. So I present the summery from the work about N...

Literature

One of the notable peculiarities of Newar Buddhism is the preservation and use of Sanskrit Buddhist Literature in their daily life. Dr Sunita Kumar Chatterji remarks on this matter...

Future of Newar Buddhism

There is very clear evidence which shows that Newar Buddhism is declining. The main reasons are (1). traditions of caste barriers which have resulted are not initiating the mixed ca...

Tibetan Buddhism

Some times Tibetan Buddhism is called Lamaisin. In general Lamaism is name for the Buddhist schools of Mahayana and Vajrayana mixed with local tradition of Bonpo (Shamanism?) prevai...

The Northern Nepal

Tibetan Buddhism is mainly predominant in the High altitude mountainous area in the entire northern border line of Nepal. It is divided in following three geographical sections:

The Middle Mountain Area

The middle mountain area includes the main two valleys along with the mountainous parts of the country. The Kathmandu valley, called ‘Nepal’ by the northern population, is the site...

Terai Area

Tibetan Mahayana Temples began to be established in the mid 20th century in the Terai, which includes the Lumbini. We are aware that Buddhist activities were held here since the tim...

Beginning of Theravada

Theravada Buddhism has emerged mainly among Newars for the last 70 years. The Newars influenced by Theravada are quite aware of their religious and national heritage. They have star...

Development of Theravada

In 1951 Venerable Madihe Pannasiha from Sri Lanka had an audience with His Majesty King Tribhuvana Viravikrama Sahadeva during which he conducted a ceremony and tied holy thread on...

Present Situation

Numerous Buddhist associations or organisations backing Theravada activities are active. We have discussed the Dharmodaya Sabha which was established in 1944 already. Shifting this...

Theravada Monks of Nepal

One part of the Triratna or Buddhist trinity is the Sangha, the practising community of the celibate monks and nuns. The roles of monks, nuns and lay devotees are the enhancement an...

The Present Monks

At present, the notable seniormost Venerable monks in Nepal are Sanghanayaka Sakyananda Mahasthavira, Aniruddha, Subodhananda, Buddhaghosa, Cunda, Vimalananda and Kumarakasyapa. The...

The Theravada Centres

All Theravada Viharas in Nepal are called ‘vihara’. A vihara refers to a place where a group of monks stay and practice the religious life. In English, the word vihara is rendered a...

Feature of a Centre

Actually Newars have their own traditional concepts regarding the shape of a monastery. Some basic featres are still observed in the case of Theravada Viharas, too, as they are seen...

Theravada Ceremonies

A religious ceremony is a way for people to express their faith in their religion. There could not be any religion in the world without a ceremony. Therefore it is natural to have c...

The Effect of Ceremonies

All rituals and ceremonies that are performed among the Theravada Buddhists in Nepal have some effect, either more or less in daily life. No matter whether they are singing, playing...

Madhyamika and Yogacara

We have noted that there are main two schoola of philosophty in Mahayana Buddhism. Madhyamika or Sunyatavada is the one of them should be discussed to understand the Mahayana philos...

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